7 Questions That Guide the Work of Inspired Teachers

I’m near the ocean where the sky is bright blue and the water is placid, but I can’t help recalling how gray, mute, and turbulent the last 15 months have been.  While I spent most of that time wrestling with a book I began four years ago, the process was surprisingly more a gift than a burden. During the long isolation of the pandemic, the book gave me a reason to get out of bed, shake off the mulligrubs, and provoke my brain into gear.  Crucially, it gave me a reason to be hopeful for a better future at a time when the world was making me, like many others, skeptical of hoping. 

The book, So Each May Soar: Principles and Practices of Learner-Centered Classrooms,  explores what our classrooms might look like if we focused our considerable efforts on what highly effective teaching looks like. No new bells and whistles. No new technologies that will save us. No pretending that teaching as test prep will benefit the young folks in our care. Just doing—as well as we can, and a little better each day—what our common sense and a substantial body of research point to as the root system of success. 

While writing, it occurred to me to bring together and compare two resources I’d previously studied. One is a book that includes a study on what the best college teachers do. The other shares conclusions of a study on what inspired K-12 teachers do. Unsurprisingly, there was little difference in the conclusions of the two studies. Inspired teaching looks remarkably alike in primary grades and the university level. Still, I was captivated by the multiple parallels in the two  books. 

In synthesizing the work of the two authors, I generated 7 question-sets that informed the work of the teachers in both contexts. In other words, excellent teachers in both settings began their planning by asking these questions and continued asking and seeking answers to them throughout each school year—and beyond. 

  1. Who are these students? How will I get to know each of them well enough to guide them productively? 
  2. What big questions will the course or units I teach help my students answer? What skills and abilities and qualities will I need to help them pursue answers to those questions?  How will I build teaching and learning around those questions? 
  3. How will I find out what students’ hopes and expectations are for the course(s) we share,  what their interests are? How will I address those hopes, expectations, and interests to support learning? 
  4. How will I help students learn to learn, to examine and assess their own learning, and to  read and listen more thoughtfully, analytically, and actively? 
  5. How can I interact with my students in a way that fuels their interest, curiosity,  motivation, and thinking? How can I ensure that they interact with one another in ways that support understanding? 
  6. How can I create assignments that students will find fascinating—authentic tasks that will arouse curiosity and challenge their thinking? How will I create a safe learning environment in which students can tackle these assignments with optimism and be willing to try, fail, receive feedback, and try again? 
  7. How can I make clear the criteria for quality work we will use in class and help students understand why those benchmarks are significant? How can I help them learn to assess their own work using those standards? How can I support each of my students in reaching for excellence?

What if we determined together to return to our classrooms asking these questions, seeking  answers to them, and teaching in response to what we learn instead of returning to an old

“normal” that in so many ways was abnormal? Might we find ourselves and our students living together under bluer skies, experiencing new growth rather than making our way through gray turbulence that somehow diminishes all of us? 

About the author: 

Carol Ann Tomlinson is William Clay Parrish, Jr. Professor Emeritus at the University of  Virginia’s Curry School of Education and Human Development. She is the author of several  books on differentiation for ASCD and has spent much of the last year and a half writing and working with teachers online across the U.S. and internationally. So Each May Soar is her latest  work. 




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